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What is Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

what is pms


Premenstrual syndrome takes place in the one or two weeks before a woman experiences her period. Women may complain of different symptoms, but they all begin around the time that the menstrual period begins. The following are some of the typical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome:


  • Mood swings


  • Irritability


  • Bloating


  • Acne


  • Tender breasts


  • Exhaustion


These symptoms may last for six days.


You may be diagnosed with premenstrual syndrome if you begin to experience the emotional or physical symptoms listed above between the time that you ovulate and the time that the bleeding begins. These symptoms must interfere with your life for you to receive the diagnosis.


The medical community does not know why premenstrual syndrome happens to some women, but there are foods that can exacerbate it. These include foods that are high in caffeine, alcohol or salt. Medical professionals believe that hormone fluctuations are the reason that symptoms can begin to be unbearable.


Risk Factors


Women most susceptible to experiencing premenstrual syndrome include the following:



  • Women in their late 20s up until their early 40s


  • Women who have at least one child


  • Women with a family history of depression


  • Women with a history of a mood disorder or postpartum depression




Other Related Medical Conditions


Menstrual psychosis occurs in women who experience premenstrual syndrome. The symptoms of menstrual psychosis can be very severe, and they include delusions, stupor, mutism, hallucinations, manic state and confusion.


Premenstrual dysphoric disorder affects 3 percent to 8 percent of menstruating women, and it is an especially harsh form of premenstrual syndrome.


The Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome


In order to reduce the symptoms listed above, women are advised to limit the amount of salt and caffeine they ingest, but they should also reduce their stress levels. If symptoms are mild, physicians recommend that women exercise more. In some instances, an increased intake of vitamin D and calcium help relieve symptoms, and anti-inflammatory drugs are recommended for the physical symptoms.


If your symptoms are very severe, your doctor may be able to prescribe birth control pills. These medications reduce the physical symptoms in some women, but they do not do anything to relieve them of their emotional symptoms. Physicians prescribe progesterone for premenstrual syndrome’s symptoms, but there isn’t any evidence that this substance has positive effects for women.


There is also a class of medications that are called “gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists.” These drugs are only prescribed for women who experience the worst premenstrual syndrome symptoms, but they cause the most severe side effects.




CBD oil comes from the marijuana plant, but it does not cause you to “get high.” This may be comforting to you if you are experiencing severe symptoms of premenstrual syndrome and do not wish to take a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist. CBD oil can relieve a myriad of symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome, including pain, anxiety and depression, acne and psychotic symptoms.


CBD oil has a few side effects, and they are diarrhea, fatigue and appetite changes, but you may be able to tolerate these symptoms better than the symptoms that come from the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists.

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